Which crops did the first farmers grow? Where and how did they evolve? The answers to these questions have been partly found by a research that has sequenced the first genome of an early new stone-age woman from Ganj Dareh, an archaeological site in the Zagros Mountains in Iran.
The international research team comprising researcher from Saudi Arabia has shown that Western Iran was inhabited by a population genetically most similar to hunter-gatherers from the Caucasus, but distinct from the new stone-age Anatolian people who later brought food production into Europe.
The inhabitants of Ganj Dareh made little direct genetic contribution to modern European populations, suggesting those of the Central Zagros were somewhat isolated from other populations of the Fertile Crescent. read more